The child’s rights concept, whose introduction into the normative system of Serbia began after 2000, either through total or partial elaboration in most laws concerning children, was confirmed with the new Constitution adopted in 2006. As regards its institutional establishment, the concept was implemented by setting up the Child’s Rights Council within the Government of the Republic of Serbia (2002) and by developing the Working Group for Child Rights of the National Assembly (2009) that will, in accordance with the new Rules of Procedure of the National Assembly, become a permanent body as of the next parliamentary convocation. The progress was also the establishment of the Protector of Citizens’ institution and the Deputy Protector of Citizens for Child’s Rights in October 2008. Thus, the state of Serbia implemented the recommendation given by the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child in June 2008.
The violation of child’s rights in Serbia is especially expressed among certain social categories: poor children, children with disabilities and children with developmental challenges, children without parental care, particularly institutionalized children, children living on the streets, working children. Within most categories of especially vulnerable children, the rights of Roma children are most often violated. Violence against children continues to be very present – from neglecting and different forms of exploitation, to physical and sexual abuse, both in the family, which is least visible, and among peers, but also by other unknown adults.